Denis Gladkikh

outcoldman

My personal blog about software development

I'm new in Macs. I have been using it only for 6 months. Not a long time, especially comparing to how much I spent in Windows. In these 6 months mostly I was working with JavaScript and Python, but recently I needed to do some C++ development.

I always wanted to try Xcode, for various reasons. One of them was to find out if this is true or not, that folks are saying about Visual Studio. That it is the best IDE. I'm not going to talk about this today. My first impression was ... weird, anyway I want to spend more time before doing some conclusions. For now if you never used Xcode and you want to try it, start your experience from watching video Xcode Core Concepts.

As I said I've never used Xcode before. More than that I only used Visual Studio and MSBuild for professional C++ development. Saying professional because I also played with Borland C++ in Collage. Anyway, I'm just trying to make a point, that I haven't used Xcode, cmake, make, gcc and all other related to C++ stuff out of Visual Studio and MSBuild.

Because Visual Studio was showing me for a long time that using IDEs is helpful I decided that I should try Xcode when I got something to do with C++ code. And at first of course I realized that there are not so many C++ projects which support Xcode project system.

At first I tried really rough approach. I created new C++ workspace and added all my C++ files to it. After that I realized that I still cannot debug my process. But this one was really easy to fix: I create new project with External Build System:

Xcode External Build System

After day or two I realized that I do not have IntelliSence in Xcode. I started to look again what else I need to do and I've found this Xcode 4 Code Completion for External Build Projects.

I was happy, but not satisfied. I wanted to have build system as well. At first I thought that I should just write some script which will generate Xcode project system from make files. You don't know what was the relief for me when I found out about Generators in cmake.

This means that you can use any IDE (Xcode, Visual Studio and any other) from this list for any C++ project which supports cmake (cross platform make). I will show you on example of Casablanca project. It is a C++ RESK SDK from Microsoft. I've used it couple times when I was working in Microsoft. From my opinion the best (and the one?) library for making REST calls from C++.

The point of next chapter is to show you that can try cmake -g Xcode with any c++ project which is supporting cmake as a build system.

Casablanca and Xcode

I was using Xcode 5.1.1, Casablanca 2.0.1, cmake 2.8.12.2, openssl 1.0.1g, boost 1.55.0.

At start we will do everything the same as Casablanca suggest in documentation Setup and Build on OSX. At first you need to install homebrew (of course you can install next libraries manually, but why?), after that verify that you have all dependencies installed

brew install cmake git openssl boost

Clone sources

git clone https://git01.codeplex.com/casablanca

Prepare folder for project system (Casablanca suggest to have build.release folder, don't know why, maybe they have in scripts somewhere name of this folder)

cd casablanca
mkdir build.release
cd build.release

And next step will be different from official documentation, you need to launch cmake with additional parameter

cmake ../Release -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Release -G Xcode 

After that you should have Xcode project under build.release folder in casablanca.xcodeproj. Open it

open casablanca.xcodeproj

You should see Xcode (I hope you have installed Xcode on your Mac, right?) with opened casablanca.xcodeproj

casablanca.xcodeproj in Xcode

By default it selects ALL_BUILD target, which just builds everything. You can try to build it. It should just work. It will take some time and at the end you should get successful build.

Now let's try to use one of the samples BingRequest. Change current target to BingRequest

BingRequest in Xcode

This sample expects two arguments on input. First is what you want to search in Bing, second is the file name where you want to save response. So, let's modify the scheme (I get to this window by pressing key and clicking on button)

BingRequest scheme in Xcode

As you can see I specified Xcode as a first parameter and output.log as second. Now let's put some breakpoints and press button to debug it

BingRequest in Xcode under debugger

As you can see - it works. Happy debugging!

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